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What is the ChatGPT program and what do I need it for?

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The DALL-E app created this photo with the voice command: “Create a photo that shows how people use artificial intelligence”
Dall-e, OpenAI, Business Insider: Dominik Schmitt

ChatGPT is the latest AI chatbot from the OpenAI Foundation, funded by Elon Musk and Microsoft. Since November 2022, the public has been able to test one version for free.

Our author Christopher Lauer tried the program and asked how it would explain itself. ChatGPT also wrote film music for him, created a new episode of his favorite series and programmed an app for his iPhone.

The results are impressive: ChatGPT’s responses are virtually indistinguishable from those of a human. Still, there are pitfalls.

Artificial intelligence (in short: AI) is known from science fiction: HAL 9000 in Stanley Kubrick’s “2001: A Space Odyssey”, Data from “Star Trek: The Next Generation” or Samantha from Spike Jonze’s “her” – computer programs or androids, which are practically indistinguishable from humans.

What was long thought to be science fiction is now becoming reality thanks to advances in computer science. On the one hand, more and more computing power is available, on the other hand, great progress has been made in machine learning with so-called artificial neural networks. Broadly speaking, an artificial neural network mimics the neurons in a living thing’s nervous system.

This network can now be trained on data, and depending on how sophisticated the process is, the end result will be an artificial intelligence capable of doing things that until recently were thought only humans could do.

Some of the most impressive artificial intelligences currently available to the public are being developed by the OpenAI Foundation. The foundation is financed primarily by Elon Musk and Microsoft and has already made a name for itself in the past with DALL E and DALL E 2 – a program that is able to create images on demand. The lead picture of this article, for example, was created like this. The latest AI creation from the OpenAI Foundation is ChatGPT.

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What is ChatGPT?

GPT is the abbreviation for “Generative Pre-trained Transformer”. Put very simply, ChatGPT is an artificial neural network that has read a lot of text and can interact with people via a chat window.

For example, you can ask ChatGPT: “You want me to write an article about you, what do you think are the most important points I should mention about ChatGPT?”

ChatGPT’s answer is: “If you write an article about me as ChatGPT, you should mention the following: I am a large language model trained by OpenAI to understand and generate text in different languages. My main job is to respond to text questions and requests to provide users with information and entertainment. I’m an artificial intelligence and I have no personal experience or opinions, instead basing my answers on the text I was trained on.

I am unable to surf the internet or consume other media such as TV shows or movies, but can only access the text I was trained on. My goal is to help users by providing fast, accurate, and helpful answers to their questions.”

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ChatGPT can create a new James Bond theme or an episode of your favorite series

However, ChatGPT impresses above all with what is commonly called general knowledge. So I asked the AI ​​to write a Bond song with sheet music and the result was a text with sheet music that could definitely pass as a Bond song. What was remarkable was that I didn’t have to explain who James Bond is and what he does, and above all not what a Bond song is.

ChatGPT knows the second law of thermodynamics and can explain why this makes a perpetuum mobile impossible. I also asked ChatGPT to write an exposé for an episode of the series “Rick and Morty” and ChatGPT wrote it. In doing so, I never had to explain what the things I wanted from ChatGPT are, ChatGPT already knew them.

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ChatGPT can program on demand. So I asked the chatbot to write me an iOS app that would remind me to take the front door key with me before leaving the apartment. ChatGPT wrote me a program in the Swift programming language and explained to me how to turn it into an iOS app.

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There are moments when the program brutally fails

But there are also moments when ChatGPT brutally fails. Because although ChatGPT was trained with data up to 2021, for some reason it doesn’t know about the 2017 released blockbuster “Blade Runner 2049”. For example, it does not know who the theater director and artistic director René Pollesch is; it doesn’t know the pianist Igor Levit either.

The fact that the ChatGPT user does not know what the program does not know is the greatest weakness of the AI. Because based on the examples where ChatGPT is correct, one initially assumes that the machine is always right. If you ask them in an area you don’t know, you can’t judge how good or bad the answer is. A high degree of media competence is therefore still necessary in order to be able to classify ChatGPT’s answers.

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Nevertheless, ChatGPT is a technical revolution

Nevertheless, ChatGPT represents a technical revolution comparable to the Internet and the smartphone. Intelligent assistance systems are thus within reach. There is a difference between searching for knowledge about the second law of thermodynamics via Google and having it explained in a compact way by an AI.

Programs based on the Technologys that make ChatGPT possible could make most customer-facing professionals obsolete. In the future, texts could largely be written by machines, medical diagnoses or applying for a loan could take place in conversation with a chat AI.

Politics needs to deal with ChatGPT

Politicians must also get involved, because a legal framework must be established in which such programs can be operated. First and foremost, as always, is the question of responsibility. If a ChatAI gives me wrong advice, which may have had serious negative consequences: Who is responsible? How do you ensure that the information provided by an AI is correct? How to get them corrected? Does a ChatKI that sells insurance have to pay taxes? If no: why not?

When the iPhone came out, you didn’t know how it would change the world. How ChatGPT and similar programs will change the world is not yet clear. However, it is already certain that they will change it.

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Warning from radiation protection: Why you shouldn’t do a home office in the basement

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The noble gas occurs in different concentrations everywhere in the environment and differs depending on the region. It is formed when uranium decays in the ground or in building materials and generally does not pose a hazard if it is released into the atmosphere and diluted.

Indoors, however, radon originating from underground can quickly accumulate and accumulate. This can result in very high radon concentrations, which can be hazardous to health. Interiors that are rarely aired are particularly affected.

If radon and the radioactive by-products are inhaled in high concentrations over a longer period of time, the risk of developing lung cancer increases.

With simple measures you can reduce the radon content in the corresponding rooms and significantly reduce the risk of illness: The BfS recommends, for example, installing ventilation systems that extract the gas. Or to seal pipe access points and cracks. Constant ventilation is a good first measure, but should not be seen as a permanent solution.

To measure the radon concentration in your basement, anyone can buy so-called “nuclear track detectors” at a laboratory for about 30 euros. These are set up for at least three months and then sent in. “The measured value should not exceed 300 becquerels per cubic meter of air on an annual average,” explains Hoffmann.

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Heating with gold: why this invention solves an age-old problem

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Using gold for heating sounds decadent, but behind it is an invention that people who wear glasses will love, because it promises that glasses will no longer fog up, or at least much less often. But the gold heater could also be used in cars.

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Easily track down treasures yourself: testing metal detectors

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With a metal detector, metals such as bronze, iron or gold can often be found meters deep. For very valuable treasures, on the other hand, the device should not be used, because its use is not permitted everywhere. In addition, the search for ancient treasures is generally prohibited by law, finds must always be reported. They are allowed to search for jewelry and coins, almost everywhere.

Metal detectors work with electrical voltages, which are particularly easy to transmit when there is moisture. After a downpour, it is particularly good to go on a treasure hunt.

It is best to test the device in advance and see how your metal detector reacts to different metals. In this way you can later distinguish between possible valuable finds and rubbish during the actual search. It is also advisable to familiarize yourself with the functions of the metal detector in advance. For example, the sensitivity should not be turned to the highest level. Because a metal detector works very finely, so that it can react sensitively to disturbances in the environment. It is therefore better to use a smaller measuring range and get more precise measurement results. In this way, the treasure hunt for coins, jewelery etc. can also be a success.

Which metal detector do you really recommend? Our partner *AllesBeste has extensively tested 11 devices in practical use. We show you the test winner, a price tip and another top model in the following table.

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