Also last July, DeepMind announced that its Artificial Intelligence model AlphaFold had predicted the shape of virtually all proteins known from almost every organism on Earth that has its genome sequenced. This model was already announced in the summer of 2021, when it had predicted the shape of all human proteins. A year later, his protein database had grown to hold more than 200 million protein structures.
DeepMind has made these protein structures available to anyone who wants to examine them. They are in a public database at the European Bioinformatics Institute of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL-EBI). The institution allows researchers from anywhere in the world to access them and use their data for research related to biology and medicine.
The synthesis of images, open source by the hand of Stable Diffusion
In August, Stability AI and CompVis released the image synthesis model Stable Diffusion 1.4. It’s similar to DALL-E 2, but while it was released as a closed model with a lot of restrictions, Stable Diffusion was a open source project with source code and control files. Its opening level allows generate, without restrictions, any synthesized content. In addition, it can be used locally and privately on computers that have a powerful GPU.
This step of Stability AI, however, has not been received equally well by everyone. Since its announcement until now, it has received considerable criticism about its potential for the generation of political misinformation, non-consensual pornography, child abuse material and alternative stories.
Artists have complained that it can put them out of work, and the data field bias used in their training has also been criticized. In addition, the techniques used to develop their image data fields have caused other controversies. For example, when various people reported that their private medical photos had been taken off the Internet.
Regardless, a number of hobbyists have embraced the model and built an open source ecosystem around it very quickly. Some products have already integrated its engine into their apps and websites, while Stable Diffusion has continued to evolve, and version 2.1 is now available.