When there are still many people without access to 5G (and in some remote points, not even 4G), we have been hearing about it for some time now. 6G. A new generation of mobile data networks Companies and public administrations are already working on its materialization and deployment. But what is expected of it, apart from higher data transmission speeds? Well as pointed out by DE-CIXthe leading Internet exchange point operator, an even more connected world with different technologiesthat can converge and be reproduced on any screen.
Among other technologies, its arrival will benefit virtual, augmented and mixed reality, in addition to allowing the incorporation of more solid technological infrastructures. Thanks to this, Artificial Intelligence and quantum computing will also benefit.
6G promises greater data fluency and upload and download speeds. It has already been proven that it could reach peaks of up to 1,000 Gbps, which will facilitate the exchange of information and data with latencies that are almost imperceptible to humans. It would go from 20 Gbps, the speed of 5G, to 1 Tbps with 6G.
Regarding latency, it is expected that with 6G it will be a thousand times faster than with 5G. Thus, the time that elapses between stimulus and response could reach a microsecond, which would lead to transmissions practically in real time. This is possible thanks, among other things, to the fact that the new network is planned to use higher frequency bands and very fast, cloud-based network technology.
On the other hand, 6G technology promises greater energy efficiency, since it would consume fewer resources than 5G, also allowing the useful life and efficiency of the devices to be extended. Regarding 4G, 5G consumption has already been reduced by 90%, but 6G promises to be even more efficient. So much so that an improvement of between 50% and 100% is expected compared to the current generation of mobile technology.
With 6G it is expected to move towards a Terahertz frequency, which will lead to a significant advance in speed and bandwidth. There is also a need to achieve real global connectivity, where devices can connect and communicate without problems from anywhere in the world. This would reduce the digital divide to a great extent. 6G will not only offer ground coverage, but will provide global and ubiquitous 3D mobile coverage, integrating high-altitude platforms and LEO satellite constellations. This will provide coverage both on land and at sea or at altitude.
The arrival of 6G will significantly benefit technologies such as extended reality, quantum computing and AI. This is because in addition to transmitting data, various AI models will also be able to be transmitted and rapidly deployed, changing how this technology learns, interacts, and is applied.
Regarding the Internet of Things, objects will go from being connected to being converged and functioning as part of intelligent networks with 6G. In line with this, DE-CIX points out that we will soon begin to hear about E2E (Everything to everything)as the technology that will connect everything with everything.
Despite its advantages, the enormous leap that the transition from 5G to 6G will entail means that the implementation of an intermediate option between both networks is being considered, which would be known as 5G+ or advanced 5G network, whose deployment is planned for 2025. This new network will improve the capacity of 5G, offer a higher level of network automation and lay the foundations for the 6G network, in which there are already countries such as China or South Korea working, with a view to a possible start of its commercialization. around 2028 or 2030.